REMOTE DESKTOP

Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) adalah sebuah protokol khusus yang dikembangkan oleh Microsoft, yang menyangkut menyediakan pengguna dengan sebuah antarmuka grafis ke komputer lain. The protocol is an extension of the ITU-T T.128 application sharing protocol. [ 1 ] Clients exist for most versions of Microsoft Windows (including Windows Mobile ), Linux , Unix , Mac OS X and other modern operating systems . Protokol adalah perpanjangan dari ITU-T T.128 protokol berbagi aplikasi. [1] Klien ada untuk sebagian besar versi Microsoft Windows (termasuk Windows Mobile), Linux, Unix, Mac OS X dan modern lainnya sistem operasi. By default the server listens on TCP port 3389. [ 2 ] Secara default server mendengarkan pada TCP port 3389. [2]

Microsoft currently refers to their official RDP server software as Remote Desktop Services , formerly “Terminal Services”. Microsoft saat ini mengacu pada RDP resmi mereka sebagai perangkat lunak server Remote Desktop Services, sebelumnya “Terminal Services”. Their official client software is currently referred to as Remote Desktop Connection , formerly “Terminal Services Client”. Perangkat lunak klien resmi mereka saat ini disebut sebagai Remote Desktop Connection, sebelumnya “Terminal Services Client”.

Every Windows version beginning with Windows XP includes an installed Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) (“Terminal Services”) client (mstsc.exe) whose version is determined by that of the operating system or last applied Windows Service Pack. Setiap versi Windows mulai dengan Windows XP yang sudah diinstal meliputi Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) ( “Terminal Services”) klien (mstsc.exe) versi yang ditentukan oleh sistem operasi atau yang terakhir diterapkan Windows Service Pack. The Terminal Services server is supported as an official feature on Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition, Windows 2000 Server , all editions of Windows XP except Windows XP Home Edition, Windows Server 2003 , Windows Home Server , on Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PCs , in Windows Vista Ultimate, Enterprise and Business editions, Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 and on Windows 7 Professional and above. Terminal Services server mendukung fitur sebagai resmi pada Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server Edition, Windows 2000 Server, semua edisi Windows XP, kecuali Windows XP Home Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows Home Server, pada Windows Fundamentals for Legacy PC, di Windows Vista Ultimate, Enterprise dan Business edisi, Windows Server 2008 dan Windows Server 2008 R2 dan pada Windows 7 Profesional dan atas.

Microsoft provides the client required for connecting to newer RDP versions for downlevel operating systems. Microsoft menyediakan klien yang diperlukan untuk menghubungkan ke lebih baru RDP downlevel versi untuk sistem operasi. Since the server improvements are not available downlevel, the features introduced with each newer RDP version only work on downlevel operating systems when connecting to a higher version RDP server from these older operating systems, and not when using the RDP server in the older operating system. Karena perbaikan server tidak tersedia downlevel, diperkenalkan fitur RDP dengan masing-masing versi yang lebih baru hanya bekerja pada sistem operasi downlevel saat terhubung ke server RDP versi yang lebih tinggi dari sistem operasi yang lebih besar ini, dan bukan ketika menggunakan RDP server di sistem operasi yang lebih tua.

Based on the ITU-T T.128 application sharing protocol (during draft also known as “T.share”) from the T.120 recommendation series, the first version of RDP (named version 4.0) was introduced by Microsoft with “Terminal Services”, as a part of their product Windows NT 4.0 Server, Terminal Server Edition . Berdasarkan ITU-T T.128 berbagi aplikasi protokol (selama rancangan juga dikenal sebagai “T.share”) dari T.120 rekomendasi seri, versi pertama RDP (nama versi 4.0) diperkenalkan oleh Microsoft dengan “Terminal Services “, sebagai bagian dari produk mereka Windows NT 4.0 Server, Terminal Server Edition.

Version 5.0, introduced with Windows 2000 Server , added support for a number of features, including printing to local printers, and aimed to improve network bandwidth usage. Versi 5.0, diperkenalkan dengan Windows 2000 Server, menambahkan dukungan untuk beberapa fitur, termasuk mencetak ke printer lokal, dan bertujuan untuk meningkatkan penggunaan bandwidth jaringan.

Version 5.1, introduced with Windows XP Professional , included support for 24-bit color and sound. Versi 5.1, diperkenalkan dengan Windows XP Professional, termasuk dukungan untuk 24-bit warna dan suara. The client is available for Windows 2000 , Windows 9x , Windows NT 4.0 . [ 3 ] With this version, the name of the client was changed from Terminal Services Client to Remote Desktop Connection . Klien tersedia untuk Windows 2000, Windows 9x, Windows NT 4.0. [3] Dengan versi ini, nama klien diubah dari Terminal Services Client untuk Remote Desktop Connection.

Version 5.2, introduced with Windows Server 2003 , included support for console mode connections, a session directory, and local resource mapping. Versi 5.2, diperkenalkan dengan Windows Server 2003, termasuk dukungan untuk modus konsol koneksi, direktori sesi, dan pemetaan sumber daya lokal. It also introduces Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1.0 for server authentication, and to encrypt terminal server communications. [ 4 ] Ini juga memperkenalkan Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1,0 untuk otentikasi server, dan untuk mengenkripsi komunikasi server terminal. [4]

Version 6.0 was introduced with Windows Vista and incorporated support for Windows Presentation Foundation applications, Network Level Authentication , multi-monitor spanning and large desktop support, and support for TLS 1.0 connections. [ 5 ] Version 6.0 is available for Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2003 SP1/SP2 (x86 and x64 editions) and Windows XP Professional x64 Edition. Versi 6.0 telah diperkenalkan dengan Windows Vista dan memasukkan dukungan untuk Windows Presentation Foundation aplikasi, Jaringan Level Authentication, multi-monitor terbentang dan dukungan desktop yang besar, dan dukungan untuk TLS 1.0 koneksi. [5] Versi 6.0 adalah tersedia untuk Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2003 SP1/SP2 (edisi x86 dan x64) dan Windows XP Professional x64 Edition.

Version 6.1 was released in February 2008 and is included with Windows Server 2008 , as well as with Windows Vista Service Pack 1 and Windows XP Service Pack 3. Versi 6.1 dirilis pada Februari 2008 dan disertakan dengan Windows Server 2008, dan juga dengan Windows Vista Service Pack 1 dan Windows XP Service Pack 3. It is also installable through KB952155 for Windows XP SP2. [ 6 ] . Hal ini juga diinstal melalui KB952155 untuk Windows XP SP2. [6]. In addition to changes related to how a remote administrator connects to the “console”, [ 7 ] this version incorporates new functionality introduced in Windows Server 2008, such as connecting remotely to individual programs and a new Terminal Services Easy Print driver, a new client-side printer redirection system that makes the client’s full print capabilities available to applications running on the server, without having to install print drivers on the server. [ 8 ] Selain perubahan terkait dengan cara remote administrator terhubung ke “console”, [7] versi ini menggabungkan fungsi baru yang diperkenalkan di Windows Server 2008, seperti remote menghubungkan program-program individu dan Terminal Services yang baru Mudah Cetak pengemudi, seorang klien baru printer sisi sistem pengalihan yang membuat klien kemampuan cetak lengkap tersedia untuk aplikasi yang berjalan di server, tanpa harus menginstal driver mencetak pada server. [8]

Version 7.0 was released to manufacturing July 2009 and is included with Windows Server 2008 R2, as well as with Windows 7 [ 9 ] . Versi 7.0 dirilis pada Juli 2009 dan manufaktur disertakan dengan Windows Server 2008 R2, dan juga dengan Windows 7 [9]. With this release, the server name was also changed from Terminal Services to Remote Desktop Services . Dengan rilis ini, nama server itu juga berubah dari Terminal Services untuk Remote Desktop Services. This version incorporates new functionality such as Windows Media Player redirection, bidirectional audio, true multimonitor support, Aero glass support, enhanced bitmap acceleration, Easy Print redirection [ 10 ] , Language Bar docking. Versi ini menggabungkan fungsionalitas baru seperti Windows Media Player pengalihan, bidirectional audio, benar multimonitor dukungan, kaca Aero dukungan, meningkatkan percepatan bitmap, Mudah Cetak pengalihan [10], Bahasa Bar docking. The RDP 7.0 client is available on Windows XP SP3 and Windows Vista SP1/SP2. [ 11 ] RDP 6.1 client and RDP 7.0 client are not supported on Windows Server 2003 x86 and Windows Server 2003 / Windows XP Professional x64 editions. 7,0 RDP klien yang tersedia pada Windows XP SP3 dan Windows Vista SP1/SP2. [11] RDP RDP 6,1 dan 7,0 klien klien tidak didukung pada Windows Server 2003 x86 dan Windows Server 2003 / Windows XP Professional edisi x64. RDP 7.0 clients also do not support connecting to terminal servers running Windows 2000 Server . [ 12 ] RDP 7,0 klien juga tidak mendukung koneksi ke server terminal menjalankan Windows 2000 Server. [12]

Most RDP 7.0 features like Aero glass remoting, bidirectional audio, Windows Media Player redirection, true multiple monitor support, Remote Desktop Easy Print are only available in Windows 7 Enterprise or Ultimate editions. [ 13 ] [ 14 ] Sebagian besar fitur seperti 7,0 RDP kaca Aero Remoting, bidirectional audio, Windows Media Player pengalihan, benar memonitor beberapa dukungan, Mudah Cetak Remote Desktop hanya tersedia di Windows 7 edisi Enterprise atau Ultimate. [13] [14]
Contents Isi
[hide]

* 1 Features 1 Fitur
* 2 See also 2 Lihat juga
* 3 References 3 Referensi
* 4 External links 4 Pranala luar

[ edit ] Features [Sunting] Fitur

* 32-bit color support. 32-bit color dukungan. 8-, 15-, 16-, and 24-bit color are also supported. 8 -, 15 -, 16 -, dan warna 24-bit juga didukung.
* 128-bit encryption, using the RC4 encryption algorithm, as of Version 6. [ 15 ] Older implementations suffer from a man-in-the-middle vulnerability , which can allow an attacker to decrypt the encrypted streams by recording the encryption key as it is transmitted. [ 16 ] 128-bit, dengan menggunakan RC4 algoritma enkripsi, seperti dari Versi 6. [15] Older implementasi menderita man-in-the-middle kerentanan, yang dapat memungkinkan penyerang untuk mendekripsi aliran dienkripsi dengan merekam kunci enkripsi seperti ditularkan. [16]
* Audio Redirection allows users to run an audio program on the remote desktop and have the sound redirected to their local computer. Audio Redirection memungkinkan pengguna untuk menjalankan sebuah program audio pada remote desktop dan memiliki suara diarahkan ke komputer lokal.
* File System Redirection allows users to use their local files on a remote desktop within the terminal session. File System Redirection memungkinkan pengguna untuk menggunakan file lokal di remote desktop dalam sesi terminal.
* Printer Redirection allows users to use their local printer within the terminal session as they would with a locally or network shared printer. Printer Redirection memungkinkan pengguna untuk menggunakan printer lokal mereka dalam sesi terminal karena mereka akan dengan jaringan lokal atau berbagi printer.
* Port Redirection allows applications running within the terminal session to access local serial and parallel ports directly. Port Redirection memungkinkan aplikasi berjalan dalam sesi terminal lokal untuk mengakses port serial dan paralel secara langsung.
* The clipboard can be shared between the remote computer and the local computer. Clipboard dapat dibagi antara komputer dan remote komputer lokal.
* Seamless Windows: Remote applications can run on a client machine that is served by a Remote Desktop connection. Seamless Windows: Remote aplikasi dapat dijalankan pada mesin klien yang dilayani oleh sebuah Remote Desktop sambungan. It uses virtual channel method, and available since RDP 5 [ 17 ] . Menggunakan saluran virtual metode, dan tersedia sejak RDP 5 [17].

The following features were introduced with the release of RDP 6.0 in 2006: Fitur berikut diperkenalkan dengan merilis RDP 6.0 pada 2006:

* Remote Programs: Application publishing with client-side file type associations. Remote Program: Permohonan penerbitan dengan sisi klien asosiasi jenis file.
* Terminal Services Gateway: Enables the ability to use a front-end IIS server to accept connections (over port 443 ) for back-end Terminal Services servers via an https connection, similar to how RPC over https allows Outlook clients to connect to a back-end Exchange 2003 server. Terminal Services Gateway: Memungkinkan kemampuan untuk menggunakan IIS front-end server untuk menerima koneksi (melalui port 443) untuk back-end Terminal Services server melalui https koneksi, serupa dengan RPC lebih https Outlook memungkinkan klien untuk menyambung ke back – akhir Exchange 2003 server. Requires Windows Server 2008 Memerlukan Windows Server 2008
* Network Level Authentication Jaringan Level Authentication
* Support for remoting the Aero Glass Theme (or Composed Desktop), including ClearType font smoothing technology. Dukungan untuk Remoting dengan Aero Glass Theme (atau Composed Desktop), termasuk ClearType font smoothing teknologi.
* Support for remoting of Windows Presentation Foundation applications: Compatible clients that have .NET Framework 3.0 support will be able to display full Windows Presentation Foundation effects on a local machine. Dukungan untuk Remoting dari Windows Presentation Foundation aplikasi: Kompatibel klien yang telah. NET Framework 3.0 dukungan akan dapat menampilkan penuh Windows Presentation Foundation efek pada mesin lokal.
* Rewrite of device redirection to be more general-purpose, allowing a greater variety of devices to be accessed. Ditulis ulang perangkat agar lebih redirection-tujuan umum, memungkinkan berbagai perangkat yang lebih besar yang akan diakses.
* Fully configurable and scriptable via Windows Management Instrumentation . Bisa diatur dan scriptable melalui Windows Management Instrumentation.
* Improved bandwidth tuning for RDP clients. Peningkatan bandwidth RDP tuning untuk klien.
* Support for Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1.0 on both server and client ends (set as default). Dukungan untuk Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1,0 pada kedua server dan klien berakhir (ditetapkan sebagai default).
* Multiple monitor support. Multiple monitor support. Spread session across two monitors. Sesi tersebar di dua pemantau.

[ edit ] See also [Sunting] Lihat pula

* Comparison of remote desktop software Perbandingan perangkat lunak desktop remote
* Independent Computing Architecture Independen Komputasi Arsitektur
* tsclient tsclient

[ edit ] References [Sunting] Referensi

1. ^ http://www.rdesktop.org/#docs ^ http://www.rdesktop.org/ # docs
2. ^ “How to change the listening port for Remote Desktop” . ^ “Bagaimana mengubah mendengarkan port untuk Remote Desktop”. Microsoft. Microsoft. 2007-01-31 . http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306759 . 2007/01/31. http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306759. Retrieved 2007-11-02 . Diperoleh 2007/11/02. Microsoft KB article 306759, revision 2.2. Microsoft KB artikel 306.759, revisi 2.2.
3. ^ Windows XP Remote Desktop Connection software [XPSP2 5.1.2600.2180 ] ^ Windows XP Remote Desktop Connection perangkat lunak [XPSP2 5.1.2600.2180]
4. ^ “Configuring authentication and encryption” . January 21, 2005 . http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc782610.aspx . ^ “Konfigurasi otentikasi dan enkripsi”. 21 Januari 2005. http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc782610.aspx. Retrieved 2009-03-30 . Diperoleh 2009/03/30. Microsoft Technet article Microsoft Technet Artikel
5. ^ “Remote Desktop Connection (Terminal Services Client 6.0)” . ^ “Remote Desktop Connection (Terminal Services Client 6,0)”. 2007-06-08 . http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx/kb/925876 . 2007/06/08. http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx/kb/925876. Retrieved 2007-06-20 . Diperoleh 2007/06/20. Microsoft KB article 925876, revision 7.0. Microsoft KB artikel 925.876, revisi 7.0.
6. ^ Description of the Remote Desktop Connection 6.1 client update for Terminal Services in Windows XP Service Pack 2 ^ Deskripsi 6,1 Remote Desktop Connection klien update for Terminal Services dalam Windows XP Service Pack 2
7. ^ “Changes to Remote Administration in Windows Server 2008″ . Terminal Services Team Blog . ^ “Perubahan untuk Remote Administrasi pada Windows Server 2008″. Terminal Services Team Blog. Microsoft. Microsoft. December 17, 2007 . http://blogs.msdn.com/ts/archive/2007/12/17/changes-to-remote-administration-in-windows-server-2008.aspx . 17 Desember 2007. http://blogs.msdn.com/ts/archive/2007/12/17/changes-to-remote-administration-in-windows-server-2008.aspx. Retrieved 2008-02-10 . Diperoleh 2008/02/10.
8. ^ “Terminal Services Printing” . TechNet — Windows Server 2008 Technical Library . ^ “Terminal Services Printing”. TechNet – Windows Server 2008 Perpustakaan Teknis. Microsoft. Microsoft. January 10, 2008 . http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/library/484d57e7-feb4-4dcc-9d13-152c053516471033.mspx?pf=true . 10 Januari 2008. http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/library/484d57e7-feb4-4dcc-9d13-152c053516471033.mspx?pf=true. Retrieved 2008-02-10 . Diperoleh 2008/02/10.
9. ^ “Remote Desktop Connection 7 for Windows 7, Windows XP & Windows Vista” . Terminal Services Team Blog . ^ “Remote Desktop Connection 7 untuk Windows 7, Windows XP & Windows Vista”. Terminal Services Team Blog. Microsoft. Microsoft. August 21, 2009 . http://blogs.msdn.com/rds/archive/2009/08/21/remote-desktop-connection-7-for-windows-7-windows-xp-windows-vista.aspx . 21 Agustus 2009. http://blogs.msdn.com/rds/archive/2009/08/21/remote-desktop-connection-7-for-windows-7-windows-xp-windows-vista.aspx. Retrieved 2009-08-21 . Diperoleh 2009/08/21.
10. ^ Using Remote Desktop Easy Print in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 ^ Menggunakan Remote Desktop Mudah Cetak pada Windows 7 dan Windows Server 2008 R2
11. ^ Announcing the availability of Remote Desktop Connection 7.0 for Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1, and Windows Vista SP2 ^ Mengumumkan ketersediaan Remote Desktop Connection 7.0 untuk Windows XP SP3, Windows Vista SP1, dan Windows Vista SP2
12. ^ Remote Desktop Connection Client 7.0 does not support accessing Windows 2000 servers ^ Remote Desktop Connection Client 7,0 mengakses tidak mendukung Windows 2000 server
13. ^ Aero Glass Remoting in Windows Server 2008 R2 ^ Remoting Aero Glass pada Windows Server 2008 R2
14. ^ Remote Desktop Connection 7 for Windows 7, Windows XP & Windows Vista ^ Remote Desktop Connection 7 untuk Windows 7, Windows XP & Windows Vista
15. ^ “Remote Desktop Protocol” . ^ “Remote Desktop Protocol”. Microsoft . http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa383015(VS.85).aspx . Microsoft. http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa383015 (VS.85). Aspx. Retrieved 2009-03-30 . Diperoleh 2009/03/30.
16. ^ “Microsoft RDP Man in the Middle Vulnerability” . ^ “Microsoft RDP Manusia di Vulnerability Tengah”. SecuriTeam. SecuriTeam. 2005-06-02 . http://www.securiteam.com/windowsntfocus/5EP010KG0G.html . 2005/06/02. http://www.securiteam.com/windowsntfocus/5EP010KG0G.html. Retrieved 2007-11-02 . Diperoleh 2007/11/02.
17. ^ http://www.codeproject.com/KB/IP/tswindowclipper.aspx ^ http://www.codeproject.com/KB/IP/tswindowclipper.aspx

[ edit ] External links [Sunting] Pranala luar

* Technical Overview of Terminal Services – a more detailed feature list. Ikhtisar Teknis Terminal Services – fitur yang lebih rinci daftar.
* Remote Desktop Protocol – from Microsoft’s Developer Network Remote Desktop Protocol – dari Microsoft Developer Network
* Understanding the Remote Desktop Protocol – from support.microsoft.com Memahami Remote Desktop Protocol – dari support.microsoft.com
* MS-RDPBCGR: Remote Desktop Protocol: Basic Connectivity and Graphics Remoting Specification – from Microsoft’s Developer Network MS-RDPBCGR: Remote Desktop Protocol: Dasar Konektivitas dan Grafis Remoting Spesifikasi – dari Microsoft Developer Network

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